Browsing Doctoral Dissertations by Title

Tsirvoulis, Georgios (Beograd , 2019)[more][less]
Abstract: Asteroid families are populations of asteroids in the Main Belt that share a common origin, that is they are the fragments of energetic collisions between two asteroids. Their study over the years has produced a number of important results concerning the collisional and dynamical evolution of the Main Belt, the physical properties of the primordial bodies of the Solar System and the physics of energetic collisions, to name a few. The contribution of the present thesis can be summarized into two main topics: The first is the discovery of a new mechanism that leads to significant perturbations on the orbits of asteroids, and consequently on the evolution of asteroid families affected by it, and the second is the discovery of a couple of new families, each with its own peculiarities. The first part of this thesis was initially motivated by the irregular shape of the (1726) Hoffmeister asteroid family. In an effort to explain this peculiarity we carried out a thorough dynamical analysis of its past evolution and found out that none of the mechanisms known to affect the orbits of asteroids could explain it. Investigating further we discovered that the linear nodal secular resonance with the most massive asteroid (1) Ceres, is the mechanism responsible for the anisotropic inclination distribution of Hoffmeister family members. Having established the importance of the nodal secular resonance with Ceres, we sought to expand on the subject with the study of all linear secular resonances, nodal and periapsidal, involving not only (1) Ceres, but (4) Vesta, the second most massive asteroid, as well. To do so we utilized numerical integrations of test particles across the whole Main Belt, and evaluated the impact of these resonances on their orbits. Furthermore we identified all asteroid families crossed by one or more of these resonances. Two of these cases, the families of (1251) Seinajoki and (1128) Astrid were then studied in more detail, confirming the importance of the previously ignored secular resonances with massive asteroids. The second part details the discovery of two new asteroid families. The first one, that of (326) Tamara family, was motivated by the unexpectedly high number of dark asteroids in the Phocaea region, a part of the inner Main Belt which is expected to consist mostly of bright ones. Using all available physical data we were able to show that most of the dark asteroids therein belong to a single dynamical family, which we then further analyzed finding that it is 264 ± 43 Myrs old and that it could have a significant contribution to the influx of small dark asteroids toward the Near Earth region. The second discovered family, that of (633) Zelima, is a small cluster, subfamily of the large (221) Eos family. After identifying its members, we derived the age of the Zelima family, which turned out to be only about 3.66 Myrs. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4752 Files in this item: 1
Tsirvoulis_Georgios.pdf ( 76.51Mb ) 
Borisavljević, Mirjana (Beograd , 1997)[more][less]

Bakić, Radoš (Belgrade)[more][less]

Mijajlović, Ivana (London)[more][less]

Pavlović, Aleksandar (Novi Sad)[more][less]
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/295 Files in this item: 1
PhdAleksandarPavlovic.pdf ( 7.226Mb ) 
Urošević, Dejan (Belgrade)[more][less]

Ćatović, Zlatko (Belgrade)[more][less]

Pogany, Tibor (Belgrade)[more][less]

Todorović, Petar (Belgrade , 1961)[more][less]

Ikodinović, Nebojša (Kragujevac)[more][less]
Abstract: The thesis is devoted to logics which are applicable in different areas of mathematics (such as topology and probability) and computer sciences (reasoning with uncertainty). Namely, some extensions of the classical logic, which are either modeltheoretical or nonclassical, are studied. The thesis consists of three chapters: an introductory chapter and two main parts (Chapter 2 and Chapter 3). In the introductory chapter of the thesis the wellknown notions and properties from extensions of the first order logic and nonclassical logics are presented. Chapter 2 of the thesis is related to logics for topological structures, particularly, topological class spaces (topologies on proper classes). One infinite logic with new quantifiers added is considered as the corresponding logic. Methods of constructing models, which can be useful for many others similar logics, are used to prove the completeness theorem. A number of probabilistic logic suitable for reasoning with uncertainty are investigated in Chapter 3. Especially, some ways of incorporation into the realm of logic conditional probability understood in different ways (in the sense of Kolmogorov or De Finnety) are given. For all these logics the corresponding axiomatizations are given and the completeness for each of them is proved. The decidability for all these logics is discussed too. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/194 Files in this item: 1
phdNebojsaIkodinovic.pdf ( 3.008Mb ) 
Ognjanović, Zoran (Kragujevac)[more][less]
Abstract: The thesis consists of seven chapters and two appendixes. The Chapter 1 and the appendixes contain known notions and properties from probability logics. In Chapter 2 some propositional probability logics are introduced and their languages, models, satisfiability relations, and (in)finitary axiomatic systems are given. Object languages are countable, formulas are finite, while only proofs are allowed to be infinite. The considered languages are obtained by adding unary probabilistic operators of the form P≥s. Decidability of the logics is proved. In Chapter 3 some first order probability logics are considered while in Chapter 4 new types of probability operators are introduced. The new operators are suitable for describing events in discrete sample spaces. It is shown that they are not definable in languages of probability logics that have been used so far. A propositional and a firstorder logic for reasoning about discrete linear time and finitely additive probability are given in Chapter 5. Sound and complete infinitary axiomatizations for the logics are provided as well. In Chapter 6 a probabilistic extension of modal logic is studied and it is shown that those logics are closely related, but that modal necessity is a stronger notion than probability necessity. In Chapter 7 decidability of these logics is shown by reducing the corresponding satisfiability problem to the linear programming problem. Finally, two automated theorems provers based on that idea are described. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/197 Files in this item: 1
phdZoranOgnjanovic.pdf ( 1.259Mb ) 
Knežević, Zoran (Belgrade)[more][less]

Shkheam, Abejela (, 2013)[more][less]
Abstract: This thesis has been written under the supervision of my mentor, Prof. dr. Milo s Arsenovi c at the University of Belgrade academic, and my comentor dr. Vladimir Bo zin in year 2013. The thesis consists of three chapters. In the rst chapter we start from de nition of harmonic functions (by mean value property) and give some of their properties. This leads to a brief discussion of homogeneous harmonic polynomials, and we also introduce subharmonic functions and subharmonic behaviour, which we need later. In the second chapter we present a simple derivation of the explicit formula for the harmonic Bergman reproducing kernel on the ball in euclidean space and give a proof that the harmonic Bergman projection is Lp bounded, for 1 < p < 1, we furthermore discuss duality results. We then extend some of our previous discussion to the weighted Bergman spaces. In the last chapter, we investigate the Bergman space for harmonic functions bp, 0 < p < 1 on RnnZn. In the planar case we prove that bp 6= f0g for all 0 < p < 1. Finally we prove the main result of this thesis bq bp for n=(k + 1) q < p < n=k, (k = 1; 2; :::). This chapter is based mainly on the published paper [44]. M. Arsenovi c, D. Ke cki c,[5] gave analogous results for analytic functions in the planar case. In the plane the logarithmic function log jxj, plays a central role because it makes a di erence between analytic and harmonic case, but in the space the function jxj2n; n > 2 hints at the contrast between harmonic function in the plane and in higher dimensions. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3053 Files in this item: 1
phd_Shkheam_Abejela.pdf ( 650.6Kb ) 
Tepavčević, Andreja (Novi Sad)[more][less]

Bulatović, Jelena (Belgrade)[more][less]

Borovićanin, Bojana (Kragujevac, Serbia , 2008)[more][less]
Abstract: Different spectral characterizations of certain classes of graphs are considered in this dissertation. The large number of papers concerning this topic, indicates that problems of this kind are very interesting in spectral graph theory. This dissertation, beside Preface and References with 46 items, consists of two chapters: 1. Harmonic graphs, 2. Graphs with maximal index. Harmonic graphs are introduced and studied in details in Chapter 1. This chapter consists of four sections. In section 1.1 the definition of harmonic graphs, as well as their basic properties, are given. Harmonic trees are discussed in section 1.2. In section 1.3 we characterize harmonic graphs with small number of cycles; in particular, all unicyclic, bicyclic, tricyclic and tetracyclic graphs are determined. Finally, in section 1.4, we determine all connected 3harmonic graphs with integral spectrum. The solution of maximal index problem in certain classes of graphs is given in Chapter 2. This chapter consists of four sections. In sections 2.1 and 2.2 we review some results related to the index of a graph. The emphasis is on graphs with given number of both vertices and edges; in particular we discuss graphs having the fixed number of pendant edges, too. In section 2.3 we give the solution of maximal index problem in the class of connected tricyclic graphs with n vertices and k pendant edges. Finally, in section 2.4, we determine graphs with maximal index among all connected cactuses with n vertices. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1834 Files in this item: 1
disertacija_Bojana Borovicanin.pdf ( 1.939Mb ) 
Jovanović, Irena (Beograd , 2014)[more][less]
Abstract: Spectral graph theory is a mathematical theory where graphs are considered by means of the eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenvectors of the matrices that are assigned to them. The spectral recognition problems are of particular interest. Between them we can distinguish: characterizations of graphs with a given spectrum, exact or approximate constructions of graphs with a given spectrum, similarity of graphs and perturbations of graphs. In this dissertation we are primarily interested for the similarity of graphs, where graphs with the same number of vertices and graphs of different orders are considered. Similarity of graphs of equal orders can be established by computation of the spectral distances between them, while for graphs with different number of vertices the measures of similarity are introduced. In that case, graphs under study are usually very large and they are denoted as networks, while the measures of similarity can be spectraly based. Some mathematical results on the Manhattan spectral distance of graphs based on the adjacency matrix, Laplacian and signless Laplacian matrix are given in this dissertation. A new measure of similarity for the vertices of the networks under study is proposed. It is based on the difference of the generating functions for the numbers of closed walks in the vertices of networks. These closed walks are calculated according to the new spectral formula which enumerates the numbers of spanning closed walks in the graphlets of the corresponding graphs. The problem of the characterization of a digraph with respect to the spectrum of AAT , apropos ATA, where A is the adjacency matrix of a digraph, is introduced. The notion of cospectrality is generalized, and so the cospectrality between some particular digraphs with respect to the matrix AAT and multigraphs with respect to the signless Laplacian matrix is considered. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4233 Files in this item: 1
Jovanović_Irena.pdf ( 1.138Mb ) 
Lalović, Ana (Beograd , 2016)[more][less]
Abstract: The goal of this thesis is to reduce multidimensional space of galactic properties to the smallest number of dimensions su cient to describe them. For this purpose, the statistical analysis is applied over the parameters that describe fundamental galactic properties on the morphologically representative sample of 2180 galaxies. The sample of galaxies used in this thesis is based on the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (Alfalfa) blind HI survey. The importance of an HI blind survey lies in the fact that galaxies are chosen on the basis of their gas content (HI) solely, thus free of optical selection e ects. From the initial sample counting 10000 galaxies, 2180 of them were chosen, since for this subsample the optical spectroscopy from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) was available and moreover the photometry in the UV (Galaxy Evolution Explorer, GALEX), and optical (SDSS) to the nearinfrared (Two Micron All Sky Survey, 2MASS). Parameters are selected according to the previously established correlations between fundamental galactic properties, relying on the previous work. They are extensively tested and confronted between each other to be chosen from the larger parametric space. To select parameters, we rst measured stellar kinematics using publicly available code (pPXF), and tested both empirical and synthetic stellar libraries. In particular, we have measured the velocity dispersion and the higher moments of the lineofsight velocity distribution function. This is the largest galaxy sample created so far with detailed stellar kinematics measured including higher moments of the lineofsight velocity distribution function. The sample size allows statistical tests to be applied to the higher moment of the velocity distribution function (h4), with respect to the di erent groups of morphological galaxy types. Various tests agree with the previous indication that elliptical and lenticular galaxies have the same origin. Further, we have measured the line strength indices for several absorption lines (Lick indices), since some of them are good proxies to galaxy ages and metallicity, also the fundamental galactic properties. In the nal statistical analysis, metallicity proves to be of no importance, but the inclusion of galaxy ages in the analysis, the results change signi cantly. The last step in the parameter selection is the modelling of the galaxies' surface brightness pro les with the Sersic pro le, that is performed in this thesis with the Gal t code. The velocity dispersion measured, along with the Sersic index and effective radius of the Sersic pro le takes the role in the dynamical mass calculation, being the fundamental galactic property and hence used in the nal statistical analysis. Finally, we have taken the mass of the gas component and maximal rotational velocity from the radiospectroscopy and Kron magnitudes (i.e. colours) from the ultraviolet/ optical/nearinfrared photometry (GALEX/SDSS/2MASS databases). After extensive testing, we have chosen the colour calculated from ultraviolet and optical magnitudes (NUV r colour), for the nal statistical analysis. It is worth noting that previous analysis of the galactic properties lack velocity dispersion, as well as the colour with the ultraviolet component, although it is a direct proxy to the speci c star formation rate in the galaxy. This particular colour makes correlations among analysed parameters stronger and proves to be more important than optical colours. Finally, when the proper parametric space of galactic properties is formed (velocity dispersion, colour, luminosity, Petrosian radii R50 and R90, dynamical, HI and stellar masses, maximal rotational velocity and the galaxy ages), the correlation analysis is performed to inspect correlations between parameters. This analysis con rms relations that are already known to hold. Then the principal component analysis is done with the purpose of nding and identifying the smallest number of galactic properties responsible for the nal products of galaxy evolution, as we see today, in the local Universe. The results of the corresponding analysis are the following: there are at least three statistically important, independent components. The rst and the most important component cannot be identi ed with either galactic property, but presents the mixture of several properties: dynamical mass, mass of the stellar and gas component, luminosity and Petrosian radii R50 and R90. Relaying on the previous work, this component may be identi ed with the "size" of the galaxies. The second component, mostly in uenced by the galactic colour, may be identi ed with the "aspect" of the galaxies. The colour was not found to be important in previous work. The galaxy ages can be identi ed with the third principal component. There is a hint on the fourth component, dominated by the maximal rotational velocity that can be identi ed with the speci c angular momentum of galaxies. Although not proven to be statistically important, it may become so in the larger sample of galaxies which will provide the information of the true peak of the galaxies' rotational curves, since the singlebeam HI spectra may show the single maximum and this may not be the true maximum. Also, the rotational velocity includes the inclination correction, another questionable parameter in the analysis. To conclude: there are at least three, and possibly four dimensions of the multidimensional galactic space, as we see today. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4446 Files in this item: 1
Lalovic_Ana3.pdf ( 11.44Mb ) 
Adamović, Dušan (Belgrade , 1965)[more][less]

Branković, Velimir (Beograd , 1985)[more][less]