HYERS-ULAM STABILITY OF THE SOLUTIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

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HYERS-ULAM STABILITY OF THE SOLUTIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

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Title: HYERS-ULAM STABILITY OF THE SOLUTIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
Author: Alqifiary, Qusuay Hatim Eghaar
Abstract: This thesis has been written under the supervision of my mentor Prof. dr. Julka Knezevi c-Miljanovi c at the University of Belgrade in the academic year 2014-2015. The aim of this study is to investigate Hyers-Ulam stability of some types of differential equations, and to study a generalized Hyers-Ulam stability and as well as a special case of the Hyers-Ulam stability problem, which is called the superstability. Therefore, when there is a differential equation, we answer the three main questions: 1- Does this equation have Hyers -Ulam stability? 2- What are the conditions under which the differential equation has stability ? 3- What is a Hyers-Ulam constant of the differential equation? The thesis is divided into three chapters. Chapter 1 is divided into 3 sections. In this chapter, we introduce some sufficient conditions under which each solution of the linear differential equation u′′(t) + ( 1 + (t) ) u(t) = 0 is bounded. Apart from this we prove the Hyers-Ulam stability of it and the nonlinear differential equations of the form u′′(t) + F(t; u(t)) = 0, by using the Gronwall lemma and we prove the Hyers-Ulam stability of the second-order linear differential equations with boundary conditions. In addition to that we establish the superstability of linear differential equations of second-order and higher order with continuous coefficients and with constant coefficients, respectively. Chapter 2 is divided into 2 sections. In this chapter, by using the Laplace transform method, we prove that the linear differential equation of the nth-order y(n)(t) + nΣ􀀀1 k=0 ky(k)(t) = f(t) has the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability. And we prove also the Hyers-Ulam- Rassias stability of the second-order linear differential equations with initial and boundary conditions, as well as linear differential equations of higher order in the form of y(n)(x) + (x)y(x) = 0, with initial conditions. Furthermore, we establish the generalized superstability of differential equations of nth-order with initial conditions and investigate the generalized superstability of differential equations of second-order in the form of y′′(x)+p(x)y′(x)+q(x)y(x) = 0. Chapter 3 is divided into 2 sections. In this chapter, by applying the xed point alternative method, we give a necessary and sufficient condition in order that the rst order linear Alqi ary Abstract ii system of differential equations z_(t) + A(t)z(t) + B(t) = 0 has the Hyers-Ulam- Rassias stability and nd Hyers-Ulam stability constant under those conditions. In addition to that, we apply this result to a second-order differential equation y (t) + f(t)y_(t) + g(t)y(t) + h(t) = 0. Also, we apply it to differential equations with constant coefficient in the same sense of proofs. And we give a sufficient condition in order that the rst order nonlinear system of differential equations has Hyers-Ulam stability and Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability. In addition, we present the relation between practical stability and Hyers-Ulam stability and also Hyers- Ulam-Rassias stability.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4295
Date: 2015

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