Browsing Mathematics by Author "Obradović, Marko"
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Obradović, Marko (Beograd , 2015)[more][less]
Abstract: First characterizations of probability distributions date to the thirties of last century. This area, which lies on the borderline of probability theory and mathematical statistics, attracts large number of researchers, and in recent times the number of papers on the subject is increasing. Goodnessof t tests are among the most important nonparametric tests. Many of them are based on empirical distribution function. The application of characterization theorems for construction of goodnessof t tests dates to the middle of last century, and recently has become one of the main directions in this eld. The advantage of such tests is that they are often free of distribution parametres and hence enable testing of composite hypotheses. The goals of this dissertation are the formulation of new characterizations of exponential and Pareto distribution, as well as the application of the theory of Ustatistics, large deviations and Bahadur e ciency to construction and examination of asymptotics of goodnessof t tests for aforementioned distributions. The dissertation consists of six chapters. In the rst chapter a review of di erent types of characterizations is presented, pointing out their abundance and variety. The special emphasis is given to the characterizations based on equidistribution of functions of the sample. Besides, two new characterizations of Pareto distribution are presented. The second chapter is devoted to some new characterizations of the exponential distributions presented in papers [65] and [53]. Six characterizations based on order statistics are presented. A special case of one of them (theorem 2.4.3) represents the solution of open problem stated by Arnold and Villasenor [9]. In the third chapter there are basic concepts on Ustatistics, the class of statistics important in the theory of unbiased estimation. Some of their asymptotic properties are given. Uempirical distribution functions, a generalization of standard empirical distribution functions, are also de ned. The fourth chapter is dedicated to the asymptotic e ciency of statistical tests, primarily to Bahadur asymptotic e ciency, i.e. asymptotic e ciency of the test when the level of signi cance approaches zero. Some theoretical results from the monograph by Nikitin [57], and papers [61], [59], etc. are shown. In the fth chapter new results in the eld of goodnessof t tests for Pareto distribution are presented. Based on three characterizations of Pareto distribution given in section 1.1.2. six goodnessof t tests, three of integral, and three of Kolmogorov type, are proposed. In each case the composite null hypothesis is tested since the test statistics are free of the parameter of Pareto distribution. For each test the asymptotic distribution under null hypothesis, as well as asymptotic behaviour of the tail (large deviations) under close alternatives is derived. For some standard alternatives, the local Bahadur asymptotic e ciency is calculated and the domains of local asymptotic optimality are obtained. The results from this chapter are published in [66] and [64]. The sixth chapter brings new goodnessof t tests for exponential distribution. Based on the solved hypothesis of Arnold and Villasenor two classes of tests, integral and Kolmogorov type, are proposed, depending on the number of summands in the characterization. The study of asymptotic properties, analogous to the ones in the fth chapter is done in case of two and three summands, for which the tests have practical importance. The results of this chapter are presented in [39]. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4288 Files in this item: 1
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